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The European Union, and Estonia as a member, have prioritised an increase in the share of renewable energy in production and consumption for several reasons. The most important of these is achieving a reduction in environmental pollution. 

There are also other important considerations with which higher production and consumption of renewable energy can help, such as energy saving, more efficient production and consumption, energy security, innovation in power engineering, and the promotion of technological development.

The potential for renewable energy in Estonia is strongest in wind power and bioenergy-based combined heat and power generation, and also in small-scale hydro-power.

Renewable energy is not an end in itself – it must be viewed in the context of the strategic choices of Estonia’s electricity generation industry. The development plan for the Estonian electricity sector outlines the following conditions for electricity generation:

  • The need to reduce environmental emissions from power generation;
  • The obligation taken when Estonia joined the EU to cut SO emissions from the power plants in Narva in 2012 and 2016;
  • The need for more sustainable use of oil shale reserves;
  • The aim of making Estonian electricity prices more competitive through carbon emissions trading.

Targets set in the development plan for the Estonian electricity sector, and actual results:

 
Target Target 2010 Actual 2010 Target 2020
Renewable electricity as a minimum share of gross consumption 5,1% 9,7% 17,6%

 

 


 

 

For cutting environmental pollution, increasing energy efficiency and security, and to fulfill other goals, European Commission revealed proposals (COM(2016) 767) for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources 2009/72/EÜ (so called 3rd Energy Package).

The set of proposals affirmed the long-term specific objectives for energy policy in the European Union:

  • Raising the share of renewable energy from the consumption to 27% by 2030
  • Raising the energy efficiency to 30% by 2030
  • Reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030

More precise targets for renewable sources of energy are set by the Estonian government and are revealed at home page of Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications.

 

Under paragraph 591 of the Electricity Market Act, Elering must publish the following information on its website:

  • the forecast for electricity produced from renewable energy sources for the next calendar month and the next calendar year
  • data for each calendar month of the current calendar year of the amount of electricity produced from wind energy
  • the forecast for amount of electricity produced from wind energy for the current calendar year

 The data can be downloaded from the attachment.

 

For cutting environmental pollution, increasing energy efficiency and security, and to fulfill other goals, European Commission revealed proposals (COM(2016) 767) for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources 2009/72/EÜ (so called 3rd Energy Package).

The set of proposals affirmed the long-term specific objectives for energy policy in the European Union:

  • Raising the share of renewable energy from the consumption to 27% by 2030
  • Raising the energy efficiency to 30% by 2030
  • Reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030

More precise targets for renewable sources of energy are set by the Estonian government and are revealed at home page of Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications.

 

Under paragraph 591 of the Electricity Market Act, Elering must publish the following information on its website:

  • the forecast for electricity produced from renewable energy sources for the next calendar month and the next calendar year
  • data for each calendar month of the current calendar year of the amount of electricity produced from wind energy
  • the forecast for amount of electricity produced from wind energy for the current calendar year

 The data can be downloaded from the attachment.

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